Finance Strategists has an advertising relationship with some of the companies included on this website. We may earn a commission when you click on a link or make a purchase through the links on our site. All of our content is based on objective analysis, and the opinions are our own.

“Vanguard[ a large mutual fund corporation] and all of the index funds out there came about because of the contributions of Sharpe, Treynor, and others made in finding the capital asset price model. The multi-trillion-dollar passive-index business — we can thank Sharpe and Treynor for that wonderful gift,” added Lo. He was one of the first economists to discover the capital asset pricing model (CAPM). That CAPM model codified investment return risks that became the basis for the Treynor Ratio. The Treynor Ratio is calculated by dividing the portfolio’s excess return over the risk-free rate by the portfolio’s beta, which measures its sensitivity to market movements.

## Ask a Financial Professional Any Question

The Treynor-Black Model is a portfolio optimization technique that combines the Treynor Ratio with the principles of modern portfolio theory. This approach allows investors to identify the optimal combination of active and passive investments to maximize risk-adjusted return. Systematic risk, also known as market risk, is the risk inherent in the overall market or economic system.

- Once that is calculated, the risk-free rate of 0.16% is subtracted from the return.
- It includes capital gains, dividends, and interest payments, and can be expressed as a percentage of the initial investment.
- The accuracy of the Treynor ratio is highly dependent on the use of appropriate benchmarks to measure beta.
- Suppose an investment firm’s portfolio has averaged a return of 8.0% over the trailing five years.
- As mentioned earlier, the risk-free rate represents the return received on default-free securities, i.e. government bonds.

Since both funds have very similar annual returns, the Treynor Ratios of both funds are the same at 0.11. The State Street Institutional Premier Growth Equity Fund Service Class and Baron Fifth Avenue Growth Retail Fund have equal risk-to-reward ratios. While the Treynor Ratio may not be for every investor, the Treynor formula could be a good option for measuring risk. In the rest of the article, I will analyze comparisons of 10 mutual funds. I will look at their financial statistics to compare the Treynor Ratios of the assets. In addition to that, Ruedi also believes that the Treynor ratio return is not an accurate measurement of a mutual fund’s return.

J.B. Maverick is an active trader, commodity futures broker, and stock market analyst 17+ years of experience, in addition to 10+ years of experience as a finance writer and book editor. Suppose an investment firm’s portfolio has averaged a return of 8.0% over the trailing five years. As mentioned earlier, the risk-free rate represents the return received on default-free securities, i.e. government bonds.

Enhancements to the Treynor Ratio include the Modified Treynor Ratio, the Treynor-Black Model, and the incorporation of alternative risk measures like Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR). There are several performance metrics available to investors, each with its unique focus and approach. These enhancements include the Modified Treynor Ratio, the Treynor-Black Model, and the incorporation of alternative risk measures. Changes in these inputs can have a significant impact on the calculated ratio, which may lead to different conclusions about a portfolio’s risk-adjusted performance.

With the comparison between the two tech mutual funds, 0.12 is greater than 0.06. The T. Rowe Technology Fund has a higher Treynor Ratio than the Janus Technology Mutual Fund. Even though they’re both below one, the Morgan Stanley Ratio has a higher Treynor index than the Fidelity mutual fund. Because Morgan Stanley Insight Class Fund A has a higher Treynor ratio, it has less risk than the Fidelity Growth Opportunities Fund.

In comparison between the Fidelity mutual fund’s 0.01 and Morgan Stanley’s 0.19, the Morgan Stanley Insight Fund Class A has a higher Treynor Ratio. While the Treynor Ratio can be an effective measure of a portfolio’s performance, it’s not perfect. One way for investors to use the Treynor formula is to compare one fund to another.

## How the Treynor Ratio Works

Matt Ahren is a financial advisor with Integrity Advisory in Overland Park, Kansas. He notes how the Treynor Ratio is used to justify risks in investments. The Treynor Ratio has various applications in portfolio management, fund evaluation and selection, and risk-adjusted performance comparisons. Working with a wealth management professional who understands how to interpret and apply this metric can help investors make better-informed decisions and achieve their long-term financial goals. The Treynor Ratio’s results can be sensitive to the input assumptions used in its calculation, such as the risk-free rate and portfolio beta.

A higher Treynor Ratio indicates a better risk-adjusted return for the portfolio. Conversely, a lower ratio suggests that the portfolio’s returns are not adequate given the level of systematic risk it has assumed. By taking into account the risk inherent in the market, this metric offers investors a means of gauging the effectiveness of their investment decisions.

## Inappropriate for Non-Diversified Portfolios

He believes that two factors are more crucial to evaluate mutual funds. A high Treynor Ratio means an investment has added value related to its risk. In contrast, a negative Treynor Ratio means the mutual fund performed worse than a risk-free asset. The Treynor Ratio has numerous practical applications in the world of finance, including portfolio management, fund evaluation and selection, and risk-adjusted performance comparisons. In this example, the portfolio generated a Treynor Ratio of 6.67%, which indicates its performance relative to its exposure to systematic risk.

## What is the Treynor ratio of T. Rowe Price Global Technology Fund?

Once that is calculated, the risk-free rate of 0.16% is subtracted from the return. The beta, in this case, will be 1.1, the current benchmark of the S&P 500. The Treynor Ratio assesses a systemic risk of a portfolio against a benchmark like the S&P 500.

The fund’s beta would likely be understated relative to this benchmark since large-cap stocks tend to be less volatile in general than small caps. Instead, the beta should be measured against an index more representative of the large-cap universe, such as the Russell 1000 index. Pfizer https://www.tradebot.online/ plans to produce hundreds of millions of the potential COVID-19 vaccine by next year. With Pfizer’s promising vaccine, the Vanguard Healthcare Fund has been a reliable mutual fund for investors. The quotient is below 1, which could potentially be a low number for potential investors.

Critics have pointed out its overemphasis on systematic risk, lack of suitability for non-diversified portfolios, and sensitivity to input assumptions. Enhancements to the Treynor Ratio have been proposed to address these limitations, including the Modified Treynor Ratio, Treynor-Black Model, and the incorporation of alternative risk measures. The risk-adjusted return metric adjusts based on the portfolio’s systematic risk. The financial ratio helps assess whether or not an investment portfolio generates an adequate return rate proportional to its inherent risk. The investment portfolio can be stocks, mutual funds, or exchange-traded funds. In other words, It measures the excess rate of return generated by the investment for each unit of assumed systematic risk.